Saho women in traditional attire. The Saho are an ethnic group who are principally concentrated in Eritrea, with some also living in adjacent parts of Ethiopia. *Photo from Wikipedia
May 24 is Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia in 1993.
he Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, rose somewhere around the first or second centuries and adopted Christianity around the time Islam had spread through Egypt and the Levant. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri kingdom.
The creation of modern-day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent, distinct kingdoms and sultanates (for example, Medri Bahri and the Sultanate of Aussa) eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. In 1947 Eritrea became part of a federation with Ethiopia, the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Subsequent annexation into Ethiopia led to the Eritrean War of Independence, ending with Eritrean independence following a referendum in April 1993. Hostilities between Eritrea and Ethiopia persisted, leading to the Eritrean–Ethiopian War of 1998-2000 and further skirmishes with both Djibouti and Ethiopia.
Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, a peninsula in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.