May 10 is the Independence Day or King’s Day, celebrates Romania’s victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877-1878, concluded with the recognition of Romania’s independence.
Modern Romania was formed in 1859. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. During World War II, Romania was an ally of Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union, fighting side by side with the Wehrmacht until 1944, when it joined the Allied powers and faced occupation by the Red Army forces. Romania lost several territories, of which Northern Transylvania was regained after the war.
Following the war, Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy.
Romania is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe It borders the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova.