August 31 is Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Trinidad and Tobago from the United Kingdom in 1962.
The island of Trinidad was a Spanish colony from the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498 to the arrival of a British fleet of 18 warships on February 18, 1797. During the same period, the island of Tobago changed hands among Spanish, British, French, Dutch and Courlander colonizers, more times than any other island in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago (remaining separate until 1889) were ceded to Britain in 1802.
The country Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962, becoming a republic in 1976.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island country situated off the northern edge of the South American mainland, lying 11 kilometers (6.8 miles) just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela.