October 24 is Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Zambia from United Kingdom in 1964.
Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the 13th century.
After visits by European explorers in the 18th century, Zambia became the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the 19th century. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.
On October 24, 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, neighboring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.