School children in the classroom. *Photo from Wikipedia
August 15 is Independence Day, celebrates the independence of the Republic of the Congo from France in 1960.
The region was dominated by Bantu-speaking tribes, who built trade links leading into the Congo River basin. Congo-Brazzaville was formerly part of the French colony of Equatorial Africa. Following the revision of the French constitution that established the Fifth Republic in 1958, the AEF (French Equatorial Africa) dissolved into its constituent parts, each of which became an autonomous colony within the French Community. During these reforms, Middle Congo (French Congo) became known as the Republic of the Congo in 1958 and published its first constitution in 1959. The Republic of the Congo received full independence from France on August 15, 1960.
The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, West Congo, the Congo Republic or simply Congo, is a country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by five countries: Gabon and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; Cameroon to the northwest; the Central African Republic to the northeast; the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the east and south; and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to the southwest.